Air Conditioner Valve and Heater Motor Shield

Due to the size of FE-series engines and the close confines of the Mustang engine compartment, Ford found it necessary to mount a shield (identified by basic part number 19C842) to protect the heater blower motor (for cars without air conditioning) or the air conditioning expansion valve (for cars with air conditioning) during engine and transmission installation on Mustangs equipped with a 390, 428 CJ, or 428 SCJ engine. This shield is made from stamped steel and is typically painted the same semi-gloss black as the firewall itself. There are no stamped or cast identifying numbers on the shields, but the service part numbers are described in Ford's Master Parts Catalog (MPC) and the engineering numbers can be cross-referenced from the service part numbers. Interestingly, the 1970 Osborn electrical assembly manual (published by Jim Osborn Reproductions and available from most Mustang parts vendors) includes this note:

"AFTER ENGINE DECKING IS COMPLETE AND BEFORE STARTING ENGINE, REMOVE SHIELD & REPLACE EXISTING SCREWS (ITEM-13)"

This seems to imply that the shield was supposed to be removed by a line worker after the engine and transmission were installed, with the worker reinstalling the screws used to secure the shield. Perhaps Ford accountants wanted the shield re-used to reduce assembly costs. I suspect, though, that a great many of these shields were left in place instead of being removed due to the time and energy required to remove it once the engine was installed and space was reduced to near nothing.

Application Engineering Number Service Part Number
1968 428 CJ C7ZA-19C842-A C7ZZ-19C842-A
1969 and 1970 390 and 428 (except 428 CJ) C9ZA-19C842-A C9ZZ-19C842-A
1969 and 1970 428 CJ C9ZA-19C842-B C9ZZ-19C842-B

Top view of firewall shields.
C9ZA-B version at left, C7ZA-A version at right.

The Osborn assembly manuals illustrate a part that looks like the shield show above on the left. Note the differences circled above. The mounting surface and holes (circled in red) are slightly different, and the version on the right includes a long "finger" to extend over the bottom of the heater blower motor (circled in yellow). This finger is absent on the version to the left. The C9ZA-A shield has the long finger of the C7ZA-A shield and the mounting base of the C9ZA-B shield.

The C7ZA-A shield is also listed for 1967 390s and 1968 427s. Two different parts were used during the 1969 and 1970 model years: C9ZA-19C842-A for 390s and non-CJ 428s, and C9ZA-19C842-B for 428 CJs. I've also seen pictures of a fourth shield that has a long, flat finger that we've been unable to explicitly identify. Two pictures showing a comparison of this shield to the C9ZA-A shield are provided below. Note that the end of the finger on the C9ZA-A shield should be parallel to the mounting surface.

Wayne St. Jean found one of these shields on a '68 Shelby GT500 KR. Here's a picture:

Finally, we've also received a report of a long-finger style shield being used on an S-code (390) Cougar equipped with air conditioning. Here's a picture (courtesy of Garey Maib); note the necessary bend:

It's safe to use the long-fingered style if you want to use a shield and you don't have air conditioning. Use the no-finger style if you have air conditioning. Don't use one at all if you don't want one, and tell any judge that complains that the assembly manuals clearly state that they should have been removed after the engine was installed!